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A practical approach for standardization of converse piezoelectric constants obtained from piezoresponse force microscopy

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Show simple item record O'Donnell, Joseph Haq, Ehtsham Ul Silien, Christophe Soulimane, Tewfik Thompson, Damien Tofail, Syed A.M. 2021-05-28T10:31:25Z 2021-05-28T10:31:25Z 2021
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The ability to reliably measure electromechanical properties is crucial to the advancement of materials design for applications in fields ranging from biology and medicine to energy storage and electronics. With the relentless miniaturization of device technology, the ability to perform this characterization on the nanoscale is paramount. Due to its ability to probe electromechanical properties on the micro- and nano-scales, piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) has become the premier tool for piezoelectric and ferroelectric characterization of a new generation of smart, functional materials. Despite its widespread use and popularity, PFM is a highly nuanced technique, and measurements on similar samples using different machines and/or in different laboratories often fail to agree. A comprehensive protocol for accurate quantitative measurements has not been presented in the literature, slowing the general uptake of the technique by reducing the ability of research groups to take full advantage of PFM for their characterization needs. Here, we present a procedure for PFM measurements, which outlines the practical aspects of quantitative PFM, from sample preparation to probe choice and use of control samples, and we substantiate these steps with original data on lithium niobate control samples. This quantitative characterization protocol is critical as society looks to smaller, greener alternatives to traditional piezoelectric materials for applications such as drug delivery, bio-microelectromechanical system sensors and actuators, and energy harvesting en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Springer en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal Applied Physics;129, 185104
dc.subject electromechanical en_US
dc.subject lithium en_US
dc.title A practical approach for standardization of converse piezoelectric constants obtained from piezoresponse force microscopy en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1063/5.0037201
dc.contributor.sponsor SFI en_US
dc.relation.projectid 15/CDA/3491 en_US
dc.relation.projectid 12/RI/2345/SOF en_US
dc.relation.projectid 12/RC/2275_P2 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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