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Attention drifting in and out: the boredom feedback model

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dc.contributor.author Tam, Katy Y. Y.
dc.contributor.author van Tilburg, Wijnand A.P.
dc.contributor.author Chan, Christian S.
dc.contributor.author Igou, Eric Raymond
dc.contributor.author Lau, Hakwan
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-13T11:07:32Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-13T11:07:32Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/10073
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract We synthesize established and emerging research to propose a feedback process model that explicates key antecedents, experiences, and consequences of the emotion boredom. The proposed Boredom Feedback Model posits that the dynamic process of boredom resembles a feedback loop that centers on attention shifts instigated by inadequate attentional engagement. Inadequate attentional engagement is a discrepancy between desired and actual levels of attentional engagement and is a product of external and internal influences, reflected in objective resources and cognitive appraisals. The model sheds light on several essential yet unresolved puzzles in the literature, including how people learn to cope with boredom, how to understand the relation between self-control and boredom, how the roles of attention and meaning in boredom can be integrated, why boredom is associated with both high- and low-arousal negative emotions, and what contributes to chronic boredom. The model offers testable hypotheses for future research. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher SAGE Publications en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Personality and Social Psychology Review;
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1177/10888683211010297
dc.subject boredom en_US
dc.subject emotion en_US
dc.subject attention en_US
dc.subject boredom proneness en_US
dc.subject self-regulation en_US
dc.title Attention drifting in and out: the boredom feedback model en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/10888683211010297
dc.contributor.sponsor University Grants Committee of Hong Kong en_US
dc.relation.projectid 17610619 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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