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Mental health difficulties among professional jockeys: a narrative review

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dc.contributor.author King, Lewis
dc.contributor.author Cullen, SarahJane
dc.contributor.author McGoldrick, Adrian
dc.contributor.author Pugh, Jennifer
dc.contributor.author Warrington, Giles D.
dc.contributor.author Woods, Gary
dc.contributor.author Losty, Ciara
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-05T08:07:58Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-05T08:07:58Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/10055
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Introduction Emerging academic literature and high profile disclosures of mental health difficulties and mental illness from current and former professional jockeys suggest that further exploration of the mental health of jockeys is required. To date, a comprehensive review of jockeys’ mental health has yet to be conducted. Objectives To examine the existing literature related to jockeys’ mental health, including the prevalence of symptoms associated with mental health difficulties and help-seeking. Design A narrative review of the literature was conducted with articles screened from inception until January 2021. Results Sixteen studies were included in the narrative review. Studies covered a range of mental health difficulties which included mood (depression), anxiety, distress, disordered eating and substance misuse. Rates of help-seeking among jockeys were also explored. Results indicated that jockeys reported higher levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms compared with other elite athletes. Substance misuse, in particular adverse alcohol use, also appears greater among jockeys than other elite athletes. Distress symptoms appear comparable with other elite athletes. Risk factors for mental health difficulties included injury, perceived stress, athlete burnout, career dissatisfaction and the contemplation of retirement. Weight-making negatively impacts jockeys’ mood and attitudes towards eating, with lower competitive riding weights associated with more disordered eating attitudes. Moreover, help-seeking from mental health professionals appears low. Conclusion The review identifies a high prevalence of symptoms of mental health difficulties among professional jockeys. Applied recommendations and future research considerations are proposed throughout the review article en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher BMJ Open en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Sport & Excerise Medicine;7, e001078
dc.subject Book chapters en_US
dc.subject Conference abstracts en_US
dc.title Mental health difficulties among professional jockeys: a narrative review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor The Irish Horseracing Regulatory Board en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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