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The sleep and recovery practices of athletes

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dc.contributor.author Doherty, Rónán
dc.contributor.author Madigan, Sharon M.
dc.contributor.author Nevill, Alan M.
dc.contributor.author Warrington, Giles D.
dc.contributor.author Ellis, Jason G.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-04-26T10:43:12Z
dc.date.available 2021-04-26T10:43:12Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/10028
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Athletes maintain a balance between stress and recovery and adopt recovery modalities that manage fatigue and enhance recovery and performance. Optimal TST is subject to individual variance. However, 7–9 h sleep is recommended for adults, while elite athletes may require more quality sleep than non-athletes. Methods: A total of 338 (elite n = 115, 74 males and 41 females, aged 23.44 ± 4.91 years; and sub-elite n = 223, 129 males and 94 females aged 25.71 ± 6.27) athletes were recruited from a variety of team and individual sports to complete a battery of previously validated and reliable widely used questionnaires assessing sleep, recovery and nutritional practices. Results: Poor sleep was reported by both the elite and sub-elite athlete groups (i.e., global PSQI score ≥5—elite 64% [n = 74]; sub-elite 65% [n = 146]) and there was a significant difference in sport-specific recovery practices (3.22 ± 0.90 vs. 2.91 ± 0.90; p < 0.001). Relatively high levels of fatigue (2.52 ± 1.32), stress (1.7 ± 1.31) and pain (50%, n = 169) were reported in both groups. A range of supplements were used regularly by athletes in both groups; indeed, whey (elite n = 22 and sub-elite n = 48) was the most commonly used recovery supplement in both groups. Higher alcohol consumption was observed in the sub-elite athletes (12%, n = 26) and they tended to consume more units of alcohol per drinking bout. Conclusion: There is a need for athletes to receive individualised support and education regarding their sleep and recovery practices. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher MDPI en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Nutrients;13, 1330.
dc.subject sleep en_US
dc.subject recovery en_US
dc.subject nutrition en_US
dc.title The sleep and recovery practices of athletes en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/nu13041330
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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