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Depressive realism and outcome density bias in contingency judgments: the effect of the context and intertrial interval

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dc.contributor.author Msetfi, Rachel, M.
dc.contributor.author Murphy, Robin, A.
dc.contributor.author Simpson, Jane
dc.contributor.author Kornbrot, Diana, E.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-16T08:24:31Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-16T08:24:31Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.citation Msetfi, R.M., Murphy, R. A., Simpson, J. & Kornbrot, D. E. (2005). Depressive realism and outcome density bias in contingency judgements: The effect of the inter-trial interval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 134 (1), 10-22. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/2360
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The perception of the effectiveness of instrumental actions is influenced by depressed mood. Depressive realism (DR) is the claim that depressed people are particularly accurate in evaluating instrumentality. In two experiments, the authors tested the DR hypothesis using an action–outcome contingency judgment task. DR effects were a function of intertrial interval length and outcome density, suggesting that depressed mood is accompanied by reduced contextual processing rather than increased judgment accuracy. The DR effect was observed only when participants were exposed to extended periods in which no actions or outcomes occurred. This implies that DR may result from an impairment in contextual processing rather than accurate but negative expectations. Therefore, DR is consistent with a cognitive distortion view of depression. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher American Psychological Association en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Experimental Psychology: General; 2005 134 (1), 10-22.
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0096-3445.134.1.10
dc.rights "This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record." en_US
dc.subject depression en_US
dc.subject depressive realism en_US
dc.subject learning en_US
dc.subject control en_US
dc.subject causality en_US
dc.subject perceived control en_US
dc.subject contingency judgement en_US
dc.title Depressive realism and outcome density bias in contingency judgments: the effect of the context and intertrial interval en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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